For a quick read, the website Parenting Science provides a concise list of key skills related to rational and critical thinking, with tips on how parents and teachers can teach them to children. On their approach, students would learn to, “analyze analogies; create categories and classify items appropriately; identify relevant information; construct and recognize valid deductive arguments; test hypotheses; recognize common reasoning fallacies; distinguish between evidence and interpretations of evidence.” Tips for parents and teachers include encouraging students to ask questions and to consider alternative explanations and solutions.